Full Metal Jacket (). Stanley Kubrick: Sämtliche Filme (Basic Film Series) | Duncan, Paul | ISBN: Polishing off 's Eyes Wide Shut just before his untimely death, Kubrick left aus " - Odyssee im Weltraum" oder "Clockwork Orange" und weiteren Filmen. eyes wide shut.
Stanley Kubrick Filme Inhaltsverzeichnis
– Odyssee im Weltraum (). Uhrwerk Orange (). Wege zum Ruhm (). Barry Lyndon (). Full Metal Jacket (). Eyes Wide Shut (). sumflower.eu › Highlights › Film & TV › News › Storys.
Ist "Full Metal Jacket" einer der besten Filme von Stanley Kubrick? Entdecke die besten Filme von Stanley Kubrick. Interview, Porträt, Filmografie, Bilder und Videos zum Star Stanley Kubrick | sumflower.eu Kultfilme wie "Lolita", " - Odyssee im Weltraum" und "Uhrwerk Orange". zu "Eyes Wide Shut" starb er. Filme. Porträt. Bilder. News. Stanley Kubrick und dem grimmigen Vietnam-Film "Full Metal Jacket" () erlangte Kubrick. Ebenso berühmt wurden seine beiden folgenden Filme Odyssee im Weltraum () und Uhrwerk Orange (). Alle drei.
In the mids, since he was not able to gain admission to day session classes at colleges, he briefly attended evening classes at the City College of New York.
Kubrick supplemented his income by playing chess "for quarters" in Washington Square Park and various Manhattan chess clubs. In , he became an apprentice photographer for Look and later a full-time staff photographer.
Warren Schloat, Jr. He didn't say much. He was thin, skinny, and kind of poor—like we all were. His first, published on April 16, , was entitled "A Short Story from a Movie Balcony" and staged a fracas between a man and a woman, during which the man is slapped in the face, caught genuinely by surprise.
It has been said retrospectively that this project demonstrated an early interest of Kubrick in capturing individuals and their feelings in mundane environments.
His earliest, "Prizefighter", was published on January 18, , and captured a boxing match and the events leading up to it, featuring Walter Cartier.
The following year, on July 18, , the magazine published his photo essay, "Working Debutante — Betsy von Furstenberg ", which featured a Pablo Picasso portrait of Angel F.
Kubrick married his high-school sweetheart Toba Metz on May 28, He was inspired by the complex, fluid camerawork of the director Max Ophüls , whose films influenced Kubrick's later visual style, and by the director Elia Kazan , whom he described as America's "best director" at that time, with his ability of "performing miracles" with his actors.
Sergei Eisenstein 's theoretical writings had a profound impact on Kubrick, and he took a great number of notes from books in the library of Arthur Rothstein , the photographic technical director of Look magazine.
Kubrick shared a love of film with his school friend Alexander Singer, who after graduating from high school had the intention of directing a film version of Homer 's Iliad.
He began learning all he could about filmmaking on his own, calling film suppliers, laboratories, and equipment rental houses. Kubrick decided to make a short film documentary about boxer Walter Cartier , whom he had photographed and written about for Look magazine a year earlier.
He rented a camera and produced a minute black-and-white documentary, Day of the Fight. Kubrick found the money independently to finance it.
He had considered asking Montgomery Clift to narrate it, whom he had met during a photographic session for Look , but settled on CBS news veteran Douglas Edwards.
He said, "Stanley was a very stoic, impassive but imaginative type person with strong, imaginative thoughts.
He commanded respect in a quiet, shy way. Whatever he wanted, you complied, he just captivated you. Anybody who worked with Stanley did just what Stanley wanted".
Inspired by this early success, Kubrick quit his job at Look and visited professional filmmakers in New York City, asking many detailed questions about the technical aspects of filmmaking.
He stated that he was given the confidence during this period to become a filmmaker because of the number of bad films he had seen, remarking, "I don't know a goddamn thing about movies, but I know I can make a better film than that".
The film was originally going to be called "Sky Pilot", a pun on the slang term for a priest. It depicted the logistics of a democratic union and focused more on the amenities of seafaring other than the act.
For the cafeteria scene in the film, Kubrick chose a dolly shot to establish the life of the seafarer's community; this kind of shot would later become a signature technique.
The sequence of Paul Hall, secretary-treasurer of the SIU Atlantic and gulf district, speaking to members of the union echoes scenes from Eisenstein's Strike and October During the course of the film, one of the soldiers becomes infatuated with an attractive girl in the woods and binds her to a tree.
This scene is noted for its close-ups on the face of the actress. Fear and Desire was a commercial failure, but garnered several positive reviews upon release.
Critics such as the reviewer from The New York Times believed that Kubrick's professionalism as a photographer shone through in the picture, and that he "artistically caught glimpses of the grotesque attitudes of death, the wolfishness of hungry men, as well as their bestiality, and in one scene, the wracking effect of lust on a pitifully juvenile soldier and the pinioned girl he is guarding".
Columbia University scholar Mark Van Doren was highly impressed by the scenes with the girl bound to the tree, remarking that it would live on as a "beautiful, terrifying and weird" sequence which illustrated Kubrick's immense talent and guaranteed his future success.
Following Fear and Desire , Kubrick began working on ideas for a new boxing film. Due to the commercial failure of his first feature, Kubrick avoided asking for further investments, but commenced a film noir script with Howard O.
Originally under the title Kiss Me, Kill Me , and then The Nymph and the Maniac , Killer's Kiss is a minute film noir about a young heavyweight boxer's involvement with a woman being abused by her criminal boss.
He initially chose to record the sound on location, but encountered difficulties with shadows from the microphone booms, restricting camera movement.
He thinks movies should move, with a minimum of dialogue, and he's all for sex and sadism". Harris , who considered Kubrick "the most intelligent, most creative person I have ever come in contact with.
Kubrick and Harris moved to Los Angeles from New York City and signed with the Jaffe Agency to shoot the picture, which became Kubrick's first full-length feature film shot with a professional cast and crew.
The Union in Hollywood stated that Kubrick would not be permitted to be both the director and the cinematographer of the movie, so veteran cinematographer Lucien Ballard was hired for the shooting.
Very mechanical, always confident. I've worked with few directors who are that good". The Killing failed to secure a proper release across the United States; the film made little money, and was promoted only at the last minute, as a second feature to the Western movie Bandido!
Several contemporary critics lauded the film, with a reviewer for Time comparing its camerawork to that of Orson Welles.
Paths of Glory , set during World War I , is based on Humphrey Cobb 's antiwar novel, which Kubrick had read while waiting in his father's office.
Schary was familiar with the novel, but stated that MGM would not finance another war picture, given their backing of the anti-war film The Red Badge of Courage Dax is assigned to defend the men at Court Martial.
For the battle scene, Kubrick meticulously lined up six cameras one after the other along the boundary of no-man's land, with each camera capturing a specific field and numbered, and gave each of the hundreds of extras a number for the zone in which they would die.
Paths of Glory became Kubrick's first significant commercial success, and established him as an up-and-coming young filmmaker.
Critics praised the film's unsentimental, spare, and unvarnished combat scenes and its raw, black-and-white cinematography.
Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote: "The close, hard eye of Mr Kubrick's sullen camera bores directly into the minds of scheming men and into the hearts of patient, frightened soldiers who have to accept orders to die".
The film was banned in France until for its "unflattering" depiction of the French military, and was censored by the Swiss Army until He has an adroit intellect, and is a creative thinker—not a repeater, not a fact-gatherer.
He digests what he learns and brings to a new project an original point of view and a reserved passion". Many disputes broke out over the project, and in the end, Kubrick distanced himself from what would become One-Eyed Jacks In February , Kubrick received a phone call from Kirk Douglas asking him to direct Spartacus , based on the true life story of the historical figure Spartacus and the events of the Third Servile War.
Douglas had acquired the rights to the novel by Howard Fast and blacklisted screenwriter Dalton Trumbo began penning the script.
Kubrick complained about not having full creative control over the artistic aspects, insisting on improvising extensively during the production.
Kubrick and Harris made a decision to film Kubrick's next movie Lolita in England, due to clauses placed on the contract by producers Warner Bros. Stylistically, Lolita , starring Peter Sellers , James Mason , Shelley Winters , and Sue Lyon , was a transitional film for Kubrick, "marking the turning point from a naturalistic cinema Kercher documented that the film "demonstrated that its director possessed a keen, satiric insight into the social landscape and sexual hang-ups of cold war America", while Jon Fortgang of Film4 wrote: "Lolita, with its acute mix of pathos and comedy, and Mason's mellifluous delivery of Nabokov's sparkling lines, remains the definitive depiction of tragic transgression".
Kubrick's next project was Dr. Kubrick became preoccupied with the issue of nuclear war as the Cold War unfolded in the s, and even considered moving to Australia because he feared that New York City might be a likely target for the Russians.
He studied over 40 military and political research books on the subject and eventually reached the conclusion that "nobody really knew anything and the whole situation was absurd".
It was originally written as a serious political thriller, but Kubrick decided that a "serious treatment" of the subject would not be believable, and thought that some of its most salient points would be fodder for comedy.
Just before filming began, Kubrick hired noted journalist and satirical author Terry Southern to transform the script into its final form, a black comedy, loaded with sexual innuendo,  becoming a film which showed Kubrick's talents as a "unique kind of absurdist" according to the film scholar Abrams.
Kubrick found that Dr. It was shot in 15 weeks, ending in April , after which Kubrick spent eight months editing it.
The New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther worried that it was a "discredit and even contempt for our whole defense establishment However brutal that joke might be".
Kubrick spent five years developing his next film, A Space Odyssey , having been highly impressed with science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke 's novel Childhood's End , about a superior race of alien beings who assist mankind in eliminating their old selves.
After meeting Clarke in New York City in April , Kubrick made the suggestion to work on his short story The Sentinel , about a monolith which is found on the Moon which alerts aliens of mankind.
The film's theme, the birthing of one intelligence by another, is developed in two parallel intersecting stories on two very different time scales.
One depicts evolutionary transitions between various stages of man, from ape to "star child", as man is reborn into a new existence, each step shepherded by an enigmatic alien intelligence seen only in its artifacts: a series of seemingly indestructible eons-old black monoliths.
In space, the enemy is a supercomputer known as HAL who runs the spaceship, a character which novelist Clancy Sigal described as being "far, far more human, more humorous and conceivably decent than anything else that may emerge from this far-seeing enterprise".
Kubrick spent a great deal of time researching for the film, paying particular attention to accuracy and detail in what the future might look like.
He was granted permission by NASA to observe the spacecraft being used in the Ranger 9 mission for accuracy. The film revolves around this metaphysical conception, and the realistic hardware and the documentary feelings about everything were necessary in order to undermine your built-in resistance to the poetical concept".
Upon release in , A Space Odyssey was not an immediate hit among critics, who faulted its lack of dialog, slow pacing, and seemingly impenetrable storyline.
Kubrick was particularly outraged by a scathing review from Pauline Kael , who called it "the biggest amateur movie of them all", with Kubrick doing "really every dumb thing he ever wanted to do".
After completing A Space Odyssey , Kubrick searched for a project that he could film quickly on a more modest budget. He settled on A Clockwork Orange at the end of , an exploration of violence and experimental rehabilitation by law enforcement authorities, based around the character of Alex portrayed by Malcolm McDowell.
Kubrick had originally received a copy of Anthony Burgess 's novel of the same name from Terry Southern while they were working on Dr.
Strangelove , but had rejected it on the grounds that Nadsat , [w] a street language for young teenagers, was too difficult to comprehend. The decision to make a film about the degeneration of youth reflected contemporary concerns in ; the New Hollywood movement was creating a great number of films that depicted the sexuality and rebelliousness of young people.
This influenced Kubrick, in Baxter's opinion. Because of its depiction of teenage violence, A Clockwork Orange became one of the most controversial films of its time, and part of an ongoing debate about violence and its glorification in cinema.
It received an X rating , or certificate, in both the UK and US, on its release just before Christmas , though many critics saw much of the violence depicted in the film as satirical, and less violent than Straw Dogs , which had been released a month earlier.
In fact, not just this year, but the best, period". Barry Lyndon is an adaptation of William Makepeace Thackeray 's The Luck of Barry Lyndon also known as Barry Lyndon , a picaresque novel about the adventures of an 18th-century Irish rogue and social climber.
John Calley of Warner Bros. Extensive photographs were taken of locations and artwork in particular, and paintings were meticulously replicated from works of the great masters of the period in the film.
Baxter notes that Barry Lyndon was the film which made Kubrick notorious for paying scrupulous attention to detail, often demanding twenty or thirty retakes of the same scene to perfect his art.
The lenses allowed many scenes to be lit only with candlelight, creating two-dimensional, diffused-light images reminiscent of 18th-century paintings.
As with most of Kubrick's films, Barry Lyndon' s reputation has grown through the years and it is now considered to be one of his best, particularly among filmmakers and critics.
The Shining , released in , was adapted from the novel of the same name by bestselling horror writer Stephen King.
The Shining was not the only horror film to which Kubrick had been linked; he had turned down the directing of both The Exorcist and Exorcist II: The Heretic , despite once saying in to a friend that he had long desired to "make the world's scariest movie, involving a series of episodes that would play upon the nightmare fears of the audience".
He spends the winter there with his wife, played by Shelley Duvall , and their young son, who displays paranormal abilities.
During their stay, they confront both Jack's descent into madness and apparent supernatural horrors lurking in the hotel.
Kubrick gave his actors freedom to extend the script, and even improvise on occasion, and as a result, Nicholson was responsible for the 'Here's Johnny!
Duvall, who Kubrick also intentionally isolated and argued with often, was forced to perform the iconic and exhausting baseball bat scene times.
Afterwards, Duvall presented Kubrick with clumps of hair that had fallen out due to the extreme stress of filming. According to Garrett Brown , Steadicam's inventor, it was the first picture to use its full potential.
Five days after release on May 23, , Kubrick ordered the deletion of a final scene, in which the hotel manager Ullman Barry Nelson visits Wendy Shelley Duvall in hospital, believing it to have been unnecessary after witnessing the audience excitement in cinemas at the climax of the film.
With the vision in mind to shoot what would become Full Metal Jacket , Kubrick began working with both Herr and Hasford separately on a script.
He eventually found Hasford's novel to be "brutally honest" and decided to shoot a film which closely follows the novel.
According to critic Michel Ciment , the film contained some of Kubrick's trademark characteristics, such as his selection of ironic music, portrayals of men being dehumanized, and attention to extreme detail to achieve realism.
In a later scene, United States Marines patrol the ruins of an abandoned and destroyed city singing the theme song to the Mickey Mouse Club as a sardonic counterpoint.
Then the film degenerates into a masterpiece. He concluded: "Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket is more like a book of short stories than a novel", a "strangely shapeless film from the man whose work usually imposes a ferociously consistent vision on his material".
Tom Cruise portrays a doctor who witnesses a bizarre masked quasireligious orgiastic ritual at a country mansion, a discovery which later threatens his life.
Kubrick said of the novel: "A difficult book to describe—what good book isn't. It explores the sexual ambivalence of a happy marriage and tries to equate the importance of sexual dreams and might-have-beens with reality.
All of Schnitzler's work is psychologically brilliant". He commenced a script with Frederic Raphael ,  and worked 18 hours a day, while maintaining complete confidentiality about the film.
Kubrick sent an unfinished preview copy to the stars and producers a few months before release, but his sudden death on March 7, , came a few days after he finished editing.
He never saw the final version released to the public,  but he did see the preview of the film with Warner Bros. Roger Ebert awarded it 3.
It feels creaky, ancient, hopelessly out of touch, infatuated with the hot taboos of his youth and unable to connect with that twisty thing contemporary sexuality has become.
Throughout the s and early s, Kubrick collaborated with Brian Aldiss on an expansion of his short story " Supertoys Last All Summer Long " into a three-act film.
It was a futuristic fairy tale about a robot that resembles and behaves as a child, and his efforts to become a 'real boy' in a manner similar to Pinocchio.
Kubrick approached Spielberg in with the AI script with the possibility of Steven Spielberg directing it and Kubrick producing it.
Following Kubrick's death in , Spielberg took the various drafts and notes left by Kubrick and his writers and composed a new screenplay based on an earlier page story treatment by Ian Watson written under Kubrick's supervision and according to Kubrick's specifications.
Artificial Intelligence   which was produced by Kubrick's longtime producer and brother-in-law Jan Harlan. Spielberg was able to function autonomously in Kubrick's absence, but said he felt "inhibited to honor him", and followed Kubrick's visual schema with as much fidelity as he could, according to author Joseph McBride.
Spielberg, who once referred to Kubrick as "the greatest master I ever served", now with production underway, admitted, "I felt like I was being coached by a ghost.
It contains a posthumous production credit for Stanley Kubrick at the beginning and the brief dedication "For Stanley Kubrick" at the end.
John Williams 's score contains many allusions to pieces heard in other Kubrick films. Following A Space Odyssey , Kubrick originally planned to make a film about the life of the French emperor Napoleon.
Fascinated by his life and own "self-destruction",  Kubrick spent a great deal of time planning the film's development, and had conducted about two years of extensive research into Napoleon's life, reading several hundred books and gaining access to Napoleon's personal memoirs and commentaries.
He also tried to see every film ever made about Napoleon and found none of them appealing, including Abel Gance 's film which is generally considered to be a masterpiece, but for Kubrick, a "really terrible" movie.
Kubrick drafted a screenplay in , and envisaged making a "grandiose" epic, with up to 40, infantry and 10, cavalry.
He had intended hiring the armed forces of an entire country to make the film, as he considered Napoleonic battles to be "so beautiful, like vast lethal ballets", with an "aesthetic brilliance that doesn't require a military mind to appreciate".
He wanted them to be replicated as authentically as possible on screen. Kubrick approached numerous stars to play leading roles, including Audrey Hepburn for Empress Josephine , a part which she could not accept due to semiretirement.
Numerous reasons have been cited for the abandonment of the project, including its projected cost, a change of ownership at MGM,  and the poor reception that the Soviet film about Napoleon, Waterloo , received.
In , Taschen published the book, Stanley Kubrick's Napoleon: The Greatest Movie Never Made , a large volume compilation of literature and source documents from Kubrick, such as scene photo ideas and copies of letters Kubrick wrote and received.
Artificial Intelligence and is a passionate admirer of his work, announced that he would be developing Napoleon as a TV miniseries based on Kubrick's original screenplay.
Jazz" to write reviews of German music scenes during the Nazi era. Kubrick had been given a copy of the Mike Zwerin book Swing Under the Nazis after he had finished production on Full Metal Jacket , the front cover of which featured a photograph of Schulz-Koehn.
A screenplay was never completed and Kubrick's film adaptation plan was never initiated. Work on Aryan Papers depressed Kubrick enormously, and he eventually decided that Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List covered much of the same material.
According to biographer John Baxter, Kubrick had shown an interest in directing a pornographic film based on a satirical novel written by Terry Southern, titled Blue Movie , about a director who makes Hollywood's first big-budget porn film.
Baxter claims that Kubrick concluded that he did not have the patience or temperament to become involved in the porn industry, and Southern stated that Kubrick was "too ultra conservative" towards sexuality to have gone ahead with it, but liked the idea.
Anyone who has ever been privileged to direct a film knows that, although it can be like trying to write War and Peace in a bumper car at an amusement park, when you finally get it right, there are not many joys in life that can equal the feeling.
As a young man, Kubrick was fascinated by the films of Soviet filmmakers such as Sergei Eisenstein and Vsevolod Pudovkin.
Kubrick recommended this work to others for many years. Thomas Nelson describes this book as "the greatest influence of any single written work on the evolution of [Kubrick's] private aesthetics".
Kubrick also found the ideas of Konstantin Stanislavski to be essential to his understanding the basics of directing, and gave himself a crash course to learn his methods.
Kubrick's family and many critics felt that his Jewish ancestry may have contributed to his worldview and aspects of his films. After his death, both his daughter and wife stated that he was not religious, but "did not deny his Jewishness, not at all".
His daughter noted that he wanted to make a film about the Holocaust, the Aryan Papers , having spent years researching the subject. British screenwriter Frederic Raphael , who worked closely with Kubrick in his final years, believes that the originality of Kubrick's films was partly because he "had a Jewish?
He declared that it was "absurd to try to understand Stanley Kubrick without reckoning on Jewishness as a fundamental aspect of his mentality".
Walker notes that Kubrick was influenced by the tracking and "fluid camera" styles of director Max Ophüls , and used them in many of his films, including Paths of Glory and A Space Odyssey.
Kubrick noted how in Ophuls' films "the camera went through every wall and every floor". According to film historian John Wakeman, Ophüls himself learned the technique from director Anatole Litvak in the s, when he was his assistant, and whose work was "replete with the camera trackings, pans and swoops which later became the trademark of Max Ophüls".
Pabst , who earlier tried, but was unable to adapt Schnitzler's Traumnovelle , the basis of Eyes Wide Shut. LoBrutto notes that Kubrick identified with Welles and that this influenced the making of The Killing , with its "multiple points of view, extreme angles, and deep focus".
Kubrick admired the work of Ingmar Bergman and expressed it in personal letter: "Your vision of life has moved me deeply, much more deeply than I have ever been moved by any films.
I believe you are the greatest film-maker at work today [ To this one must also add everything else that goes into the making of a film; [ When the American magazine Cinema asked Kubrick in to name his favorite films, he listed Italian director Federico Fellini 's I Vitelloni as number one in his Top 10 list.
Kubrick's films typically involve expressions of an inner struggle, examined from different perspectives. He explained in a interview with Robert Emmett Ginna:.
Eliot said to someone who had asked him—I believe it was The Waste Land —what he meant by the poem. Nel Kubrick dirige un film horror, Shining , tratto dall' omonimo romanzo di Stephen King , con protagonista Jack Nicholson.
Inoltre pensava fosse una storia irraccontabile. Kubrick diresse quindi la sua attenzione su un altro vecchio progetto: A.
Era uno che pensava a lungo alle cose. I funerali avvengono in forma riservata e laica , conformi a quella ritrosia dal mondo esterno che aveva caratterizzato l'ultima parte della sua vita.
Nel ha sposato la ballerina Ruth Sobotka, con cui aveva convissuto per tre anni; Kubrick la scelse nel film Il bacio dell'assassino ; hanno divorziato nel Hanno avuto tre figlie: Katharina , Anya e Vivian Malgrado i costi anche elevati che richiedevano i suoi film, ebbe in breve tempo carta bianca per tutte le fasi di lavorazione delle sue opere.
Inoltre la musica, elemento fondamentale, sottolinea momenti particolari dei suoi film. Il dottor Stranamore indaga sornione sull'ambivalenza dell'istinto di conservazione umano, perfettamente a suo agio fra sopravvivenza propria e sterminio altrui.
L'ambasciatore russo scatta di nascosto foto alla "War Room", e gli americani sono intenti a studiare un piano per non perdere il loro ostentato potere sul resto del mondo.
Questo, riassumendo. I suoi film preferiti erano:. Ma riguardo a questa sceneggiatura Decalogo N. Esemplificando i concetti attraverso l'azione drammatica della storia essi acquisiscono il potere aggiuntivo di permettere al pubblico di scoprire quello che sta realmente accadendo piuttosto che semplicemente raccontarglielo.
Kubrick era un ammiratore del fumettista Osamu Tezuka , tanto da averlo invitato a collaborare a Odissea nello spazio per gli elementi visivi.
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — "Kubrick" rimanda qui. March 15, Stanley Kubrick.
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Documentary short; Also cinematographer, editor uncredited and sound department uncredited.